FDA approves sacituzumab govitecan-hziy for HR-positive breast cancer
- February 6, 2023
On February 3, 2023, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sacituzumab govitecan-hziy (Trodelvy, Gilead Sciences, Inc.) for patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative (IHC 0, IHC 1+ or IHC 2+/ISH-) breast cancer who have received endocrine-based therapy and at least two additional systemic therapies in the metastatic setting.
View full prescribing information for Trodelvy
Efficacy was evaluated in TROPiCS-02 (NCT03901339), a multicenter, open label, randomized study in 543 patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer whose disease progressed after the following in any setting: a CDK 4/6 inhibitor, endocrine therapy, and a taxane. Patients received at least two prior chemotherapies in the metastatic setting (one of which could be in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting if recurrence occurred within 12 months).
Patients were randomized (1:1) to sacituzumab govitecan-hziy, 10 mg/kg as an intravenous infusion, on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle (n=272) or single agent chemotherapy (n=271). Single agent chemotherapy was determined by the investigator before randomization from one of the following choices: eribulin (n=130), vinorelbine (n=63), gemcitabine (n=56), or capecitabine (n=22). Randomization was stratified by the following factors: prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic disease (2 vs. 3-4), visceral metastasis (Yes or No), and endocrine therapy in the metastatic setting for at least 6 months (Yes or No). Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
The primary efficacy outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS) determined by blinded independent central review per RECIST v1.1. A key secondary efficacy outcome measure was overall survival (OS). Median PFS was 5.5 months (95% CI: 4.2, 7.0) in the sacituzumab govitecan-hziy arm and 4 months (95% CI: 3.1, 4.4) in the single agent chemotherapy arm (hazard ratio [HR] of 0.661 [95% CI: 0.529, 0.826]; p-value=0.0003). Median OS was 14.4 months for those receiving sacituzumab govitecan-hziy (95% CI: 13.0, 15.7) and 11.2 months (95% CI: 10.1, 12.7) for those receiving single agent chemotherapy (HR of 0.789 [95% CI: 0.646, 0.964]; p-value=0.0200).
The most common adverse events (≥25%) in patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in TROPiCS-02 including laboratory abnormalities, were decreased leukocyte count (88%), decreased neutrophil count (83%), decreased hemoglobin (73%), decreased lymphocyte count (65%), diarrhea (62%), fatigue (60%), nausea (59%), alopecia (48%), increased glucose (37%), constipation (34%), and decreased albumin (32%).
The recommended sacituzumab govitecan-hziy dose is 10 mg/kg administered as an intravenous infusion once weekly on Days 1 and 8 of 21-day treatment cycles until disease progression of unacceptable toxicity.
This review was conducted under Project Orbis, an initiative of the FDA Oncology Center of Excellence. Project Orbis provides a framework for concurrent submission and review of oncology drugs among international partners. For this review, FDA collaborated with the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), Health Canada, and Switzerland’s Swissmedic. The application reviews are ongoing at the other regulatory agencies.
This review used the Assessment Aid, a voluntary submission from the applicant to facilitate the FDA’s assessment.
This application was granted priority review. FDA expedited programs are described in the Guidance for Industry: Expedited Programs for Serious Conditions-Drugs and Biologics.
Healthcare professionals should report all serious adverse events suspected to be associated with the use of any medicine and device to FDA’s MedWatch Reporting System or by calling 1-800-FDA-1088.
For assistance with single-patient INDs for investigational oncology products, healthcare professionals may contact OCE’s Project Facilitate at 240-402-0004 or email [email protected].